The 3-Wet System uses a specially formulated primer for light vehicle OEMs and other applications that reduce the number of bake cycles. Larger ovens - expensive to build and costly to operate - needed for a full-bake cycle after applying traditional primers can be replaced with a more energy-efficient flash zone. Successive coats can be applied on top of the prior coat while still wet or require only a minimal “flash” dry step between coats. This innovation allows light vehicle manufacturers to replace larger baking ovens with smaller, lower energy flash zones and can result in savings in energy-related operating costs, reduced capital expenditures associated with the installation of baking ovens, and a smaller operating footprint. An alternative high-solid solventborne formulation is also available for use in facilities that operate older production systems, or to achieve certain colours and effects.